Chronological dating new testament
120, 136), such an appointment seems plausible in view of Judah’s impending defeat before Tiglath-pileser that same year, of Azariah’s now hopelessly leprous condition (he died four years later in 739*), and of Jotham’s later surrender of full power to his son (see 3 above), in 736. Thiele notes King Azariah’s birth occurring when his father was fifteen (2nd ed., p. The more serious objection to Hezekiah’s accession in 726* is the OT’s mention of Sennacherib’s attack of 701 (c) A third reconstruction seeks to combine the previous two, accepting Hezekiah’s regency in 728* and Ahaz’s association with Jotham in 743*, but assuming an extended coregency of Hezekiah with Ahaz, which terminated only with the latter’s death and Hezekiah’s official commencement of reign in 715*. in CT .) This would involve the change of only one letter in the original consonantal text, or the omission of one stroke in the original numerical notation. the fall of Samaria and the destruction of Jerusalem, may be considered as fixed.
Some have wished to advance Jotham’s ouster into 735* (Thiele, p. 206) and cites even modern data on the supposed excellence of marriage “when the boy is but ten or eleven years old” (ibid., p. This does preserve the infallibility of Scripture; but if it commences Ahaz’s sixteen official years in 731* it must still face the other seven difficulties listed above, plus having to account for Scripture’s supposed employment of three different chronological systems, represented by Ahaz’s accession, respectively, in 743*, 736, and 731*. (d) A simpler solution would be to correct the reading of invasion of Sennacherib back to 726/725, when Hezekiah assumed sole power. (Editor) Babylonian chronology furnishes Biblical history with the following dates: Ezekiel provides a more detailed series, given in terms of Jehoiachin’s captivity and extending from 31 July 593, to 26 April 571 ( W. Albright, “The Chronology of the Divided Monarchy of Israel,” BASOR, 100 (1945), 16-22, cf. A like wide range of opinion prevails among archaeologists with regard to events in contemporaneous history, the difference between Goodspeed and Hommel in the dates of early Babylonian history being five hundred years, and the beginning and extent of the Hyksos period in Egypt varying in different "authorities" by hundreds of years.
Scripture states simply that “Joshua made war a long time with all those kings” ( furnishes no explicit contact with contemporaneous secular history, the above listed dates do suggest a series of plausible correlations with it.
Among the Amarna letters are appeals from a Canaanite king Abdi-Hepa of Jerusalem to Amenhotep IV (Akhenaten; prob. 19), which describe the city as in imminent danger of conquest by the Habiru.
128); and Hoshea’s accession year did run from 732 into the spring (Nisan) of 731, with the result that Jotham’s twentieth and Ahaz’s twelfth year just might have commenced early in 731*. If it begins Ahaz’s years in 736, difficulties ii, iii, and v are countered; but i, vi, and vii remain, with variations on i and iv, in that now thirteen years of Hezekiah are excluded from the total for his reign and the period from 720* down to 715* is left outside the regnal years of any king. Nor should the difference in the various and total numbers of the Hebrew, Samaritan and Septuagint texts of the pre-Abrahamic ages be left out of sight in any statement of the difficulties attending the discussion of this subject. Plan of Treatment: These difficulties, and others as serious, have determined the plan of this article.
Since four years of Hoshea—his accession, first, second, and third—are correlated with five years of Ahaz—his twelfth through sixteenth—Ahaz’s twelfth has to correspond to the earlier half of Hoshea’s accession year (before the fall, Tishri, of 732); and his sixteenth, to the latter half of Hoshea’s third year (after Tishri, 729; or, 728*). 1095-586 United Kingdom Divided Kingdom Single Kingdom Saul to Solomon Rehoboam to Hoshea Hezekiah (6th) to Zedekiah\n120 Years 253 Years 136 Years\n B. It too must then account for Scripture’s supposed employment of three different chronological systems, represented in this instance by Hezekiah’s accessions, respectively, in 728*, 720*, and 715* (cf. The usual method of development has been to begin with the sources of Old Testament history, and to follow its course downward.
And thus any system beginning with the indistinct early past, with its compacted numbers and their uncertain interpretation, is much like a chain hung on thin air. The arrangement of OT events in time, including their dates and correlation with secular history. IX, X) or on more modern systems (e.g., the famous dates of Archbishop Ussher, 1650-1654, still found in the mg.Outline To date the events of the OT serves both to clarify their sequence in Biblical history and to emphasize their reality in time and space. of many Bibles), may legitimately be opposed to the testimony of the inspired Word of God.An ensuing decay on the part of both empires, followed by the final collapse of the Hittites in the face of barbarian invasion, seems to have opened the doors for the twenty-year Canaanite revival, and oppression of Israel, while the preservation of the latter part of Deborah’s four decades of prosperity (1216-1176) may have been due, in part, to the strong rule of Rameses III (c. The only time within this period during which Egyp.control was sufficiently withdrawn to permit such activity had to have been just before or after Merneptah (1237-1225): “Hence Baraq is to be dated in the second half of the thirteenth century” (CAH, rev., p. speaks of Saul’s age upon accession (though the precise numeral has been lost) but does not indicate his total reign; its next reference, to “two years,” seems to go with the following v. FROM THE DISRUPTION TO THE EXODUS Indications of Overlapping VIII.
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This, however, is manifestly impossible in the light of Saul’s being a “young man” at his accession (, p. Nor does it present a formulated system of chronology, its many numbers and dates being used principally with a view to the spiritual facts and truths with which the authors were concerned.